Lower Respiratory Infection – Causes, Treatment, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Lower Respiratory Infection - Causes, Treatment, Symptoms, and Diagnosis

Lower Respiratory Infections are the illness that is caused by the viruses/bacteria affecting the parts below the throat. This includes the lungs, bronchi, and tranchea.  Lower Respiratory tract infections (RTI) affect the sinus, airways, and lungs. Such infections are more common in children. These RTI include Pneumonia, bronchitis, bronchiolitis, and Influenza. Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. It can be caused by different types of bacteria. In case of severe cases, you may be admitted to the hospital. Proper vaccines and medications are needed to cure it. Bronchitis and bronchiolitis is the swelling of airways in the lungs and is commonly found in infants and two-year-olds. If left untreated it can result in serious damages and even fatal illness. Influenza occurs in epidemics over a large geographical area. It is commonly found in adults or children under the age of two. If it is accompanied by more severe problems such as diabetes asthma, heart or lung disease, than you may need to be hospitalized.

Symptoms of Lower Respiratory Infection

As the Lower Respiratory Infections are related to the parts below the throat, many symptoms can come into note that messes with the respiratory system. Common symptoms of Lower Respiratory Infection include sneezing, cough, runny nose, feeling unwell or lethargic or even having a high fever. Headaches and body aches are also common symptoms of respiratory infections.

Diagnosis of Lower Respiratory Infection

There is no special diagnosis for RTI. The doctor can tell if you have it by proper examination. He will check your heart rate through the statoscope and ask general questions regarding your health. The symptoms will clearly indicate the problem with your health. If there are any doubts than the doctor may conduct minimal tests and check your mucus to determine the RTI.

Treatment of Lower Respiratory Infection

The treatment of Lower Respiratory infections depends on the cause of the infection. Each patient will be treated different depending on the age, weight, and health of the patient. If it a virus that has led to cold or flu, than it will likely pass out in a short span of time. If it is a case with bacteria such as pneumonia than it will need treatment through antibiotics and a course of prescription. Some of the treatments will contain paracetamol and ibuprofen. You may be given cough lozenges and nasal sprays as well. Certain treatments are not suitable for babies or pregnant ladies, so make sure that you consult the doctor. It is important that you do not take overdosage of any medicine and follow the whole course even if you start feeling better. This will help kill the bacteria that is still left in fewer amounts in the body.

Prevention of Lower Respiratory Infection

Many prevention measures are there to avoid getting lower respiratory infections. One should regularly get the vaccines done to avoid catching them. Pneumonia and influenza are the common infections that are treated by these vaccines. Having a strong immune system by eating a proper diet also helps the fighting power of the body to secure it from viruses. If you are a smoker than you should quit smoking as it is the main source of problems of the lungs. You should also reduce alcohol consumption and ask your doctor about regular vaccines against flu and other infections. Always wash your hands and take care of personal hygiene. Throw away used tissues and do not store any filth in your home as dirt is food for the bacteria.

Review of Lower Respiratory Infection

Lower Respiratory Infections are common and should not be ignored. If left unattained, they can cause severe damage including death. It is better to take precautionary measures such as vaccines and monitor your health. In case of any odd symptoms, consult your doctor for immediate help and take the medicines to clear out the virus from your body.